The Way to Cope with Proficiency in Academic English Exams
The Way to Cope with Proficiency in Academic English Exams is a completely new version of my original book. Instead of making adjustments, I decided to completely rewrite it so that the exercises in the book would keep pace with the continuing changes in Proficiency Exams. This new version of
The Way to Cope with Proficiency in Academic English Exams, while still as user-friendly as before, now reflects the changing face of current exams.
The purpose of this book is to help students prepare for various Proficiency Examinations, by helping them to revise and consolidate grammar at Intermediate and Upper Intermediate levels. The book consists of twenty different units. Each unit covers an aspect of English language structure and usage that is widely tested in the Proficiency Examinations (Hazirlik Atlama) and related examinations such as PAE, TOEFL, IELTS, FCE, YDS, SAT, etc. Basic structures and more advanced points are included in each unit. The aim is to give students enough opportunity to revise and practise simple and more complex grammar points as a whole. In each unit, there is a brief explanation of an element of grammar followed by various types of exercises. In addition, the overall grammatical points are reinforced through tests given at the end of each unit. Thus, each unit provides ample exercises which stimulate and help students giving them numerous opportunities to learn and helping them to gain more self-confidence. The wide range of exercises is designed to avoid monotony and to help students when they encounter different types of questions which appear in Proficiency and similar examinations.
Towards the end of this book, there are four separate sections that provide further practice and reinforcement of the language. These four sections focus on subjects most frequently emphasized during examinations. These sections cover:
1. Transformations 2. Dialogue Completion 3. Cloze Tests and 4. Error Analysis
In addition, the reference section at the end of the book provides this helpful information:
1. A list of prepositions used with verbs and adjectives
2. A list of irregular verbs
How to use the book:
Since this is a practice book, it is intended to support the material in language courses and is designed for this purpose. It can be used both in the classroom and for private study. It is not organised in order of increasing difficulty. Therefore, you can choose any unit you think you need practice with.
Make sure that you study the explanations of every unit thoroughly. By doing this, you will see that the approach to grammar is simple and direct, making the book of immediate help. Each point is illustrated with example sentences; therefore while doing the exercises, you can always refer to the explanations and example sentences at the beginning of each unit.
Do not be discouraged by the technical vocabulary included in some of the multiple choice sections. Simply keep your main objective language usage in general. These multiple-choice tests are independent of the preceding units and function to test overall grammar proficiency.
It is recommended that you redo each exercise after checking your answers with the key.
I hope you will find this book useful in your studies
Proficiency in Academic English exams
Proficiency in Academic English exams book contains three main sections: Reading, Vocabulary and Writing. There is a natural relationship between academic reading, vocabulary and writing. Each of these sections is designed to use this relationship to assist students to enhance their abilities in these academic fields.
READING: The primary goal of Proficiency in Academic English exams is to assist students at the undergraduate level in improving their reading and writing skills. Reading comprehension passages, which have been chosen from a variety of disciplines, are designed to improve a wide range of abilities required to comprehend reading passages in English proficiency exams (HazIrlIk Atlama), such as PAE, IELTS, TOEFL and SAT. These abilities encompass:
- Skimming a text to identify the topic, main ideas, major points and supporting details.
- Understanding the tone of a passage
- Recognizing the author’s tone, attitude, purpose and point of view
- Distinguishing between minor and major points
- Understanding cause and effect
- Understanding inference
- Understanding reference words
- Understanding the meaning of target vocabulary
- Scanning a text for specific information
- Distinguishing main ideas from supporting ideas or evidence
- Distinguishing ideas the author is reporting from those he is supporting
VOCABULARY: Students are provided with ample opportunities to learn target vocabulary. From the very beginning they learn that they can understand the general idea of a passage without knowing every word. Then, they are introduced to a rich array of vocabulary through learning strategies, such as guessing the meaning of target vocabulary in reading passages, vocabulary in context, multiple choice exercises and the academic word list which starts with the most frequent vocabulary and ends with the least frequent. Students are also introduced to important prefixes and suffixes that are commonly used in English. Vocabulary is graded, and the level of difficulty goes from intermediate, upper-intermediate to advanced levels.
WRITNG: Reading and writing are two skills that inherently go together. Therefore, both the reading passages and the vocabulary section are designed to prepare students to get ideas and new knowledge to express their opinions and points of view to ultimately write better essays. This section is divided into three subsections: 1. The sentence 2. The paragraph 3. The essay. In each subsection students are introduced to writing techniques, starting from simple sentences to discursive essays. Students are provided with a great range of exercises to practice writing topic sentences, introductions and conclusions, thesis statements, transitional sentences, and supplying details. With writing techniques students also learn different ways of starting their essays and how to support their thesis statements through supporting paragraphs, explanations, examples and data.
How to Cope With Proficiency in Academic English Exams
The aim of ‘How to Cope With Proficiency in Academic English Exams’ is to provide complementary and supportive material to develop the reading, listening and vocabulary study skills of university and pre-university students who need English as a tool for reading professional materials and understanding lectures in their own chosen disciplines. Most importantly, it helps these students prepare for a wide range of Proficiency examinations (Hazırlık Atlama), by encouraging them to revise and consolidate these skills at Intermediate, Upper-Intermediate and Advanced levels. The book covers three main areas.
- Reading skills and graded reading passages
- Exercises designed to allow students build and then use new vocabulary as well as study and develop word formation
- Listening passages
An extensive array of vocabulary is covered. This includes words commonly used in academic studies, in the content of the Common European Framework, as well as being frequently tested in the Proficiency examination (Hazırlık Atlama) and related examinations such as PAE, TOEFL (IBT), FCE, IELTS, SAT, and YDS etc.
In addition, the vocabulary taken from the reading passages enables students to look at topical words in context, with sufficient multiple-choice questions and exercises. The reading selections are never monotonous but rather encompass an extensive selection of topics from sport and health, history and politics to tourism and outer space. This creates a familiarity with different types of vocabulary as well as mastery over different sets of reading skills. The subsequent exercises, which focus on word similarities, are presented in a meaningful context that extends the usefulness of the words, providing higher-level students with opportunities to practice and integrate their newly learned vocabulary.
Above all, one of the main aims of ‘How to Cope With Proficiency Exams’ is to empower Inter-mediate to Advanced level English-language learners with reading strategies that will lead to mas-tery of language. The included texts provide a well rounded context for natural learning and set clear aims and objectives for students. All of the reading texts have been adapted from current affairs articles in magazines, newspapers and other media sources. By working with texts from authentic sources, students will be able to:
- recognize the function of an unknown word and then to take enough information from the surrounding text to supply general meaning.
- skim over a text to identity and locate the essential details.
- survey and scan a text for organization of ideas.
- find a main idea in the text by summarizing or paraphrasing the total number of ideas presented in a text.
- use contextual clues and information to understand order and sequencing.
- understand inference and reference.
- become more efficient readers through guided reading practice, the goal being to increase the student’s reading speed and still have full comprehension.
All of the exercises in this book deliberately introduce and build upon important vocabulary as well as structures that easily teach English sentence patterns, proven to be used often in everyday life and academic studies.
The listening and note taking section is comprised of sixteen lectures on a broad selection of subjects and interests. Students listen to the recordings and take notes during the lecture under a list of headings provid-ed. They must then answer fifteen multiple choice questions following the lectures. The aim here is twofold: to master a better understanding of university lectures, and at the same time to reach a high level of performance in listening tests given by universities and examiners.
Again, the lectures included in this section are topical and cover a wide variety of subjects. All of the lectures have been adapted from real-life situations, speeches and associated articles.
Intellectual content is an essential component of real language activities. The reading texts and listening passages that have been chosen provide content that can be used effectively for an entire range of purposes, in different circumstances and areas of experience in today’s world.